What is Google Scholar?


Google Scholar is a search engine that indexes scholarly literature across many disciplines and formats. Google Scholar launched in 2004. It includes peer-reviewed academic journal articles, books and monographs and conference paper theses and dissertations, preprints, abstracts, technical reports and other formats. It reportedly contains the full text or metadata of over a hundred and sixty million documents as of 2014.

 Some of the features of Google Scholar include

  1. A citation importing key for supporting bibliography managers
  2. Being able to save search results
  3. Being able to view an impact factor of some journals. 

Google Scholar created scholar citations profiles or author profiles that are editable by the author on their own and that link to their indexed work. Google Scholar separately includes a legal database of US cases which insert Westlaw and Lexis Nexis style page number in line with the text of the case. Google Scholar also has its detractors.  It brings a host of other potentially relevant issues to the front.


Google Scholar emerged out of a discussion between Alex Verstak and Anurag Acharya, both of whom were then taking a shot at building Google’s fundamental web list. Their objective was to “make the world’s problem solvers 10% increasingly productive” by permitting simpler and progressively exact access to logical information. This objective is reflected in the Google Scholar’s promoting trademark – “Stand on the shoulders of giants” – taken from a statement by sacred Bernard of Chartres and is a gesture to the researchers who have contributed to their fields throughout the hundreds of years, giving the foundation to new intelligent accomplishments.

A component presented in November 2013 permits signed in clients to save indexed lists into the “Google Scholar library”, an individual assortment which the client can look independently and sort out by labels.


  1. Google Scholar permits clients to scan for computerized or physical duplicates of articles, regardless of whether on the web or in libraries.
  2. It lists “full-text journal articles, specialized reports, preprints, propositions, books, and different records, including chosen Web pages that are esteemed to be ‘scholarly.'” Because a significant number of Google Scholar’s list items connect to business diary articles, a great many people will have the option to get to just a theoretical and the reference subtleties of an article and need to pay a charge to get to the whole article.
  3.  The most pertinent outcomes for the catchphrases will be recorded first, followed by the creator’s ranking, the number of references that are connected to it and their importance to other writing.
  4. Utilizing its “group of” highlight, it demonstrates the accessible connects to the various articles of the Journal.
  5. Through its “cited by” highlight, Google Scholar gives access to abstracts mostly. It is this element specifically that gives the reference ordering already just found in Scopus, and Web of Science.
  6. Through its “Related articles” highlight, Google Scholar presents interrelated articles, positioned essentially by how comparable these articles are to the first outcome, yet in addition considering the importance of each paper.
  7. Google Scholar’s legitimate database of US cases is broad. Clients can look and read all of them.
  8. Google Scholar installs interactive reference interfaces inside the case and the How Cited tab permits legal counsellors to explore earlier case law and the resulting references to the court decision.


Search engine streamlining (SEO) for conventional web search engines, for example, Google has been well known for a long time. For quite a long while, SEO has additionally been applied to educational search engines, for example, Google Scholar. SEO for scholastic articles is likewise called “Academic search engine advancement” and characterized as “the creation, distribution, and change of scholarly writing such that makes it simpler for academic search engines to both scramble it and file it”. SEO has been received by associations, for example, Elsevier, Open Science, Mendeley , and SAGE Publishing to streamline their articles’ rankings in Google Scholar

Criticism/ Limitations

Nonetheless, Google Scholar will continue to grow in importance with users. There are concerns that it will replace in the minds of many other more scholarly options.

Google Scholar puts high weight on citation counts in its positioning calculation and in this manner is being condemned for reinforcing the Matthew effect; as highly referred papers show up in top positions they acquire citations while new papers are not shown up in top positions and subsequently get less consideration by the clients of Google Scholar and thus fewer citations.

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